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Description of the most important

seeds in seed mixtures

Seeds are the grains or ripened ovules of plants used for sowing. A good seed mixture gives the bird all important nutrients that it needs. Well selected seeds in the seed mixtures contain a varying mix of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, as well as trace nutrients like vitamins or minerals. Therefore needed each species different seed mixtures. The seed mixtures offered by well-known companies are generally based on longtime experience and scientific studies. The following description of the different kind of seeds contained in the seed mixtures should give an insight about their origins and their characteristics. (Note: The percentages of the ingredients are averages)
DESCRIPTION: White and brown perilla is a very popular seed for many seed-eating birds. Birdbreeder like to feed perilla seeds to their birds on a regular basis throughout the year and increase the amount on offer during breeding an moulting periods. The fat content of the perilla seed is about 40 %.Perillaseed is an excellent source of omenga-3,6,9 fatty acids. USE FOR: canaries, finches, wild birds, parakeets COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: China
Perilla Seed (brown) © www.birds2u.info
DESCRIPTION: There are more than 70 species of the sunflower (Helianthus annuus). The striped sunflower seed are larger than the black sunflower seed. Moreover, the shell is thicker than the black sunflower seed. For small birds it isn't so easy to open the shell of the striped sunflowers. The white sunflower seed is normal bigger as the striped sunflower seed. For feeding birds the black sunflower seed is more recommended.  The shell of the black sunflower seed in thin and easily broken, even those from birds with a small beak. The sunflower seed is an oilseed. Depending on the type of the sunflower seed is the fat content up to 54.5%. Carbohydrates are contained in a low proportion (5,9 %). The sunflower seed are a good source of protein (20,2 %) and contain also vitamin B2 (3,0 mg/kg) and vitamin B6 (7,7 mg/kg) USE FOR: some kind of wild birds, parakeets, parrots COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Argentina, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Egypt, France, Hungary, Kenya, Romania, South-Africa, USA 
Sunflower (striped) © www.birds2u.info
DESCRIPTION: The mung or moong bean is the seed of Vigna radiata. Mung bean, a;sp known as green gram or golden gram, belongs to the familiy of soybeans and have a good germination. So are the beans often used for sprouted seed. The raw mung beans is a good source of protein (35 %) and also rich in carbohydrates (57,5 %). Crude fiber is contained in a proportion of 4,4 % and raw ash 3,6 %. The following vitamins are contained in mung beans: vitamin C (40,8 mg/kg), vitamin B1 (11 mg/kg), vitamin B3 (22 mg/kg), vitamin B5 (11 mg/kg), vitamin B6  (10,8 mg/kg), Choline (2860 mg/kg). Furthermore, mung bean contained the minerals calcium (13 %), magnesium (53 %), potassium (27 %) and phosporus (52 %). USE FOR: parakeets, parrots, sprouted seed COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand and in some hot and dry regions of Southern Europe and Southern USA
Sunflower (white) © www.birds2u.info
Sunflower (black) © www.birds2u.info
Mung bean © www.birds2u.info
How can I check the quality of seed?  The main cause of poor breeding results or few common signs of illness may also lie in the quality of the seed mix. Seed which was stored longer than one year or incorrecty, has lost much of their germination and therfore also nutritional value and vitamin content. Also visually good looking seed can often have a lack of ingredients. Who want to know about the fully valid of the seed, can run a simple test. A germination test can bring information about the quality of your seed. 100 piece of the seeds are removed from the entire mixture and placed in water for about 10 hours. Then lay the seed for a further 24 hours on a damp towel in a warm place until the seed has germinated. least 80 piece (= 80 %) of your seed must be germinated. Seed with a germ result below 50 % (= 50 piece of the seed) is useless.
Perilla Seed (white) © www.birds2u.info
DESCRIPTION: Rapeseed, the seed for the canola plant (Brassica napus), belongs to the oilseed and is a popular addition to many seed mixes. The fat content is about 44%. Furthermore, the rapeseed is rich in protein (20%) and contains specially the erucic acid, a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid. USE FOR: canaries, wild birds, sprouted seed COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Canada, France, Germany, India, Poland,
DESCRIPTION: Poppy seed is also an oilseed obtained from the opium poppy plant (Papaver somniferum) with saturated and unsaturated fat content. Poppy seed is a good source of protein, vitamin B9 (folic acid or folate), vitamin E, calcium, manganese and iron. The botanical name “somniferum” means "sleep-bringing”, because the poppy seed contains substances that calm the bird specifically in preparation for exhibitions. USE FOR: canaries, wild birds, COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Czech Republic, Hungary, Netherland, Turkey
Poppy Seed © www.birds2u.info
NOTE: This listing with description about the seed is not complete. A completion is done with the next updates!
Rapseed © www.birds2u.info
Buckwheat © www.birds2u.info
Canary Seed © www.birds2u.info
DESCRIPTION: Buckwheat is low in fat (2,5 %), but a good source of carbohydrates (58,7 %). Buckwheat is rich in potassium, iron, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin B, and vitamin E. Protein is contained in a proportion of 11,4 %, crude fiber 2,3 % and raw ash 3,1 %. USE FOR: canaries, parakeets, parrots COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Argentina, Brazil, China, France, Poland, Russia, Hungary  
Niger Seed © www.birds2u.info
DESCRIPTION: Nigerseed, also called Nyerseed, Nyjerseed, Thistle seed or Gingelly seed (Guizotia abyssinica) is an oilseed and very, high in calories and fat content (40,4 %). Nigerseed is very expensive, sometimes referred to as "black gold”. The niger seed is very rich in protein (20,2 %).  Carbohydrates are contained in a proportion of 12,7 %, crude fiber 13,5 % and raw ash 3,3 %. Nigerseed is one of the few seed with a very good calcium/ phosphorus relation. USE FOR: canaries, finches, wild birds, budgerigars, parakeets, sprouted seed COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Ethiopia, India, Myanmar, Nepal
DESCRIPTION: Oats contains high amounts in vitamin B1  (6,0 mg/kg), vitamin B3 (12 mg/kg), vitamin B5 (7,8 mg/kg), vitamin E  (20 mg/kg) and is a good source of Choline (946 mg/kg) and folic acid. Oats is low in fat (4,8 %) and rich in carbohydrates (58.3 %). Protein is present in an amount of 11,4 % and the content of raw ash is at 2,6 %. Birds like to feeding their nestlings with oats. USE FOR: canaries, finches, wild birds, budgerigars, parakeets, parrots COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Belgium, England, France  
DESCRIPTION: Linseed, the seed of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum) is an oilseed. The fat content is about 35 %. Linseed contains protein (20,5 %), vitamin B1 (6,2 mg/kg), vitamin B2 (4,0 mg/kg) and vitamin B3 (36 mg/kg). Also contained in linseed are silicic acid, iron, unsaturated fatty acids and many amino acids. Due to the high fat content and the content of cyanogenic glycosides linseed should be administered in small quantities (< 2%). The high content of crude fiber (16,9 %) and mucilaginous substances in linseed has a positive effect on the intestinal function. USE FOR: canaries, finches, wild birds, budgerigars, parakeets COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Belgium, England, Hungary, Canada
DESCRIPTION: Hempseed, the seed of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa) is an oilseed with a fat content about 30,2 %. A large proportion of Hemp oil consists of unsaturated fatty acids. Hemp is also rich in protein (22,6 %). The property of hemp seed supports the mating instinct of birds. In the birdseed mix is only a small amount (<3 %) of hemp seed recommended. Due to the fact that from the hemp plant can be manufactured drugs, the use of the seeds is banned in many countries USE FOR: canaries, finches, wild birds, budgerigars, parakeets, parrots COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: China, France, Hungary, Lebanon, Russia, Uruguay
Oats © www.birds2u.info
Hempseed © www.birds2u.info
Linseed © www.birds2u.info
DESCRIPTION: The canary seed, also called canarygrass (Phalaris canariensis) is the main component of most seed mixes, therefore, not only important for canaries but also for almost of seed eating finches, parrots and parakeets. The canary seed is a type of grass seed. The size and appearance are highly dependent on country of origin. In southern countries is the canary seed even a weed. Canary Seed is low in fat (5,5 %), rich in carbohydrates (52,3 %) and rich in protein (14,9 %). Crude fiber is contained in a proportion of 8,9 % and raw ash 6,2 %. USE FOR: canaries, wild birds,  exotic finches, budgerigars, parakeets, COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Argentina, Australia, Canada, Hungary, Morocco, USA