The Canary bird is a domesticated form (Serinus canaria forma domestica) of the wild Canary,  (Serinus canaria), a small songbird. The wild Canary lives on the Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira. This islands are located just of the northwest coast of mainland Africa, 100 km west of the border between Morocco and the Western Sahara. The first Canaries were bred in captivity in the 17th century. The birds were brought over by Spanish sailors to Europe. Monks began to breeding them and sold only the males. Eventually Italians obtained the first hens in Europe and were able to breed the birds themselves. The first birds were very expensive and only owned by the rich. The birds were very popular in Europe and throughout the years local bird breeders in every country altered the appearance of the birds through selective breeding methods. Below an overview over the development of the Coloured and the Type Canaries.


ca 1667 WHITE DOMINANT; GERMANY/ 1914 in East Prussia/Germany after the extinction rediscovered. ca 1700 BROWN (CINNAMON); Germany ca 1725 AGATE; disappeared for many years, but rediscovered in 1910 in Netherland. ca 1908 WHITE RECESSIVE; simultaneously in England and New Zealand. 1915 RED FACTOR; Transfer of genes by crossing the Red Siskin (Carduelis cucullata) with the yellow canary. 1942 (around) MOSAIK TypeI (DIMORPHIC) in Italy; transferred from the development of hybrids between Red Siskin x Canary.1976 was also bred the TypeII.                                         1949 OPAL; by the breeder Mr. Rosner, Fuerth/ Germany. 1950 IVORY (LIPOCHROM-PASTEL); by the breeder Mr. P. J. Helder, Netherland. 1957 MELANIN PASTEL; by the breeder Mr. H. Kollen, Netherland and developed through selective breeding to the GREYWINGS (1968). 1964 PHAEO; by the breeder Mr. Jean Pierre Ceuppens, Belgium. 1966 SATINET or SATINETTE: Netherland. 1970 (around) OPTICAL BLUE FACTOR; Italy. 1971 SUPEROXIDATION FACTOR; Italy. 1976 TOPAZ; by the breeder Mr. Asheri, Italy. 1981 EUMO; by the breeder Mr. Haaff, NL. 1986 ONYX; by the brothers Louis and Fernando Belver Llorens, Valencia/Spain. 1994 COBALT; discovered by the breeder Mr. Karl-Werner Weber, Ulm/Germany. 1994 Red Beak Canary (Urucum Canary) by the breeder Maercio Serpa Laranjo,Rio de Janeiro/ Brazil and independently in 2005 the Red Beak Canary also appears in the stock from the breeder Marc Lanckzweirt/Belgium. [1999] JAPSE; by the breeder  José Antonio Abellán Baños, Murcia/Spain 2014 Yellow Beak Canary (Bec Jaune Canary) by the breeder Mrs. Susana Mondelo/Spain and in 2015 the Yellow Beak Canary also appears in Italy. [2015] MOGNO; in Brasil 2015 NERO PERLA; by the breeder C. M. Nobili, Monza/Italy                 
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1. Little Smooth-Feathered Canaries ca 1750 German Crest; Germany ca 1750 Lizard; France, but developed in England ca 1830 Border Fancy; in the “Border” region of South-Scotland and North- England ca 1920 Gloster Fancy; engl. county Gloucestershire ca 1931 Spanish Raza; Spain ca 1950 Fife Fancy; scotish county Fife 2. Great Smooth-Feathered Canaries end of the 16th century Norwich; engl. county Norwich ca 1780 - 1820 Lancashire; engl. county Lancashire ca 1850 Yorkshire; engl. county Yorkshire ca 1870 - 1890 Crest/Crestbred; England ca 1880 Bernois / Berner; Bern/ Switzerland before 1950 Spanish Llarguet; spanish provinces Castelo and Valencia 3. Bent Canaries begin of he 19th century Scotch Fancy; Glasgow/Scotland ca 1800 Belgian Canary, Belgium ca 1900 Munchener; Munich/Germany ca 1925 Japanese Hoso; Japan ca 1980 Rheinlaender/Rhinelander; Hilden/Rhineland of Germany 4. Frilled/Frise Canaries ca 1850 Parisian Frill; Paris/France ca 1900 North Frilled Canary; northern France ca 1955 Padovan/Paduan; Padua/Italy ca 1982 Florin/Fiorino; Florence/Italy ca 1983 Mehringer; Mehring/Germany ca 1991 Italian Gigant Frill/Arricciato Gigante Italiano (AGI); Italy 5. Bent & Frilled/Frise Canaries ca 1850 Melado Tenerife/Melado Tinerfeno; Tenerife/Spain ca 1900 Swiss Frill; Switzerland ca 1920 South Frilled Canary/South Dutch Frilled; southern France ca 1920 Makige Frill; Japan ca 1950 Gibber Italicus; southern Italy ca 1980 Spanish Giboso/Giboso Espanol; Spain