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CHARACTERISTICS OF

DIAMOND FIRETAIL FINCH

Family: Estrildidae Genus: Stagonopleura (L. Reichenbach,         1850) Preferred Scientific Name Stagonopleura guttata Preferred Common Name Diamond Firetail Finch Other Common Names •       Diamond Finch Diamond Sparrow Other Scientific Names Zonaeginthus guttatus Emblema guttata International Common Names English: Diamond Firetail Spanish: Diamante Hermoso. French:  Local Common Names Czech: Germany: Diamantamadinen Italy: Diamanti Duttati Netherlands: Diamantastrild Thailand: USA: Status:  Size, Weight: about 12 cm Ring size:  Habitat: AUSTRALIA The Diamond Firetail Finch occurs from Eastern Australia (southern Queensland) southward through eastern New South Wales and Southeastern Australia to the Eyre Peninsula and Kangaroo Island. General: Both sexes show a general brown colour above including the wings. The rump and upperteail coverts are bright crimson. The tailfeathers are black. The forehead, crown of head and hindneck are ashy-grey. The lore is black and the throat is white. On the foreneck is a broad black band. The sides of foreneck an flanks are black with subterminal white spots on each feather.The breast, abdomen and undertail coverts are white and interspersed with a few reddish feathrs. The beak is red. The eyes are brown with a rosy ring and the feet are dark brownish-grey. To sex the Diamond Firetail Finches is very difficult. An insecure signs is, that the femalle sometimes is smaller than the male and has a smaller black band across the neck. Between the first and second World War, many imports were made. Also after second World War until Australia banned bird exports. Breeders were very successful early and were able to build good breeding stocks. Nowadays, based on this experience good birds are secured. Also mutation are present, however one mutation with an orange tail. Known is this mutation as the “Yellow Diamond”. Other mutations are the White Diamond, the Fawn Diamond and the Pied Diamanond, which have spots of white. Note that the behavior is aggressive towards other birds, especially during the breeding season. Number of eggs: 4 - 6 Incubation period: 14 - 15 days Nestlings leaving nest after 23 days