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CHARACTERISTICS OF

PLUM-HEADED FINCH

Family: Estrildidae Genus: Neochmia Preferred Scientific Name Neochmia modesta (Gmelin, 1789) Preferred Common Name Plum-headed Finch Other Common Names Plumhead   Plum-capped Finch Modest Finch Cherry Finch Plain-coloured Finch   Other Scientific Names Amadina modesta (Gould,1837) Aidemosyne modesta International Common Names English:   Plum-headed Finch Spanish:   French:  Diamant modeste Local Common Names Czech: Germany: Zeresamadine Italy: Diamante Zebrato Netherlands: Ceresamadine,     Ceresastrild Turkey: USA:  Status:  Size, Weight: about 11 cm Ring size:  Habitat: AUSTRALIA, from northern Queensland southward through the interior of Eastern Australia to southern New South Wales. Plum-headed Finches in Southern Australia prefer to breed from September to January and in Northern Australia from August to March. General: Both sexes show general deep olive-brown colour above, with feathers of rump and uppertail coverts subterminally latticed white. The wing coverts and inward secondaries are deep olive-brown, tipped and marked white. The primaries are brown with paler outer margins. The tailfeathers are black, with a white spot at tip on the outer ones. The forehead and top of head are dark claret red to violet (alike a plum). The lore is black and the ear coverts are white and latticed brown. The cheeks are white with only mild signs of brown cross bars also tops.The chin is dark claret red to black. Rest of undersurface is white and crosswise latticed pale olive-brown. The center of breast, abdomen and undertail are white. The beak is black and the legs and feet are flesh-coloured. The eyes are brownish-black. A special characteristic between males and females is, that the males have a dark spot below the beak which is not present on the female. Females also show less claret red on the forehead and have white tops of feathers on sides of forehead from a line extending from base of upper mandible over eye. Before Australia banned the bird exports, the Plum-headed Finch was only export in a small number. The bird stock of this specie is fairly low and the birds are rarely available. Number of eggs: 4 - 6 Incubation period: 12 - 14 days Nestlings leaving nest after 21 days