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THE MOGNO CANARY

  History of the Mogno Canary

More than 20 years enthusiastic canary breeders in Brazil have been cultivating opal canaries in the black & brown series with the goal to show as much eumelanin as possible. This led to the fact that these offsprings no longer corresponded to the standard of the brown opal canary. Thus the mogno canary is in reality not due to a real mutation, but on a continuing selection with more eumelanin. Lastly, the mogno is “only” an opal canary with more eumelanin. In Brazil this new “mutation combination” is breed only in the black and brown series. In the black series were mogno factor created by inserting the azul factor in the opal canary with further selection. At the same time the “Quarzo Canary” was cultivated in Italy. This breed precedes a similiar development - an phaeomelanin free opal canary with more eumelanin. It is also held here for possible that the phaeomelanin was removed by gene tranfer from an exotic siskin. However, Brazil were one step faster and were able to get the recognition of the Mogno Canary from the Confederation Ornithologique Mondiale (C.O.M.) before the Italian Quarzo canary.
In November 2012, the Brazilian Ornithological Federation (Federação Ornitológica do Brasil) reported this new appearance under the name "Mogno Canary" for the first time at the C.O.M for official recognition.The work has paid off.  At Mondial C.O.M. 2015 the canarie “Mogno Canary” was presented for the first time. On 17 January 2017 the Mogno Canary was finally recognized from the Confederation Ornithologique Mondiale. Named was the new breed after the South American Mogno tree, commonly known as the endangered Mahogany tree (Swietenia macrophylla). Other names are: Canario Mogno (Nueva Mutación) NOVA MUTAÇÃO EM CANÁRIOS DE COR: MOGNO Mutação Mogno Mogno Canary Mahogony Canary Mahagony Kanarie

Characteristics of the

 Mogno Canary

As well as the Opal mutation should  be the mogno canary also autosomal recessive. But a Mogno canary paired with an Opal canary results in 100% opal canaries, because of the selection from a normal opal canary to an appearance (= Mogno) with more eumelanin. The mogno canary is characterized by a modification of the black and brown eumelanin and a reduction in the brown phaeomelanin. It is a reversal of the black and brown eumelanin with the concentration in the shafts of the feathers. Thus the underpart of the shaft is darker than the top.
The Factor “Mogno” in the black series reduces phaeomelanin in these birds and shows a reversal of the black eumelanin. The melanization of the beak, legs and nails, that should be very dark, is not affected. The drawings become lead-colour. Another feature for the mogno factor is the black underside of the flight and tail feathers. The pencil lines (striations) must be broad and as uniform as possible and be of  a dark lead-colour. Good examples of Mogno canaries have a strong melanin expression on the head.
The Factor “Mogno” in the brown series reduces the phaeomelanin in these birds and shows a reversal of the brown eumelanin. This reversal creates a dark underside of the flight and tail feathers. The birds turn brown-grey of tint, sometimes even with a shade of black. The brown-grey tint that is observed is mainly caused by "reversing" the brown eumelanin. Birds with light brown eumelanin are not accepted to avoid confusion with brown eumo and satinette. The ground colour is brownish. Flight and tail feathers have the same colour as the striations on the back. Beak, legs and nails are brownish. Also the head must show a strong melanin expression.
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